We all need to understand noise pollution better
Wildlife faces far more issues than humans because of noise pollution since they are more dependent on sound. Animals develop a better sense of hearing than humans since their survival depends on it.
You can experience the ill effects of noise in your home by watching how people react to loud music or television. Pets react more aggressively in households where there is a constant noise. Animals become disoriented more easily and face many behavioural problems. In nature, animals may suffer from hearing loss, which makes them easy prey and leads to dwindling populations. Others become inefficient at hunting, disturbing the balance of the eco-system.
Species which depend on mating calls to reproduce are often unable to hear these appeals due to excessive human-made sounds. As a result, they are unable to reproduce and can also cause declining populations.
Others require sound waves to echolocate and find their way when migrating. Disturbing their sound signals means they get lost quickly and do not migrate when and where they should. Even animals are becoming louder in coping with the booming sound around them, a, which may further add to the pollution levels. It is why understanding this form of pollution can help us lower the impact it has on the environment.
Causes of noise pollution
Industrial noise pollution
Most of the industries use big machines which are capable of producing a significant amount of noise. Apart from that, equipment like compressors, generators, exhaust fans, grinding mills also participates in creating big noises. You must have seen workers in these factories and industries wearing earplugs to minimise the effect of noise.
Don’t you love walking past a building site?
Noise is at its peak in most of the social events. Whether it is a local show, wedding, parties, pubs, discos or places of worship, people normally flout rules set by the local government and create excessive noise in the area. People play songs on full volume and dance till 3 am, which makes the condition of people living nearby worse. In markets, you can see people selling via making a loud noise to attract the attention of people.
Construction activities like buildings, mining, construction of bridges, dams and roads are commonplace. These construction activities take place every day as we need more infrastructure to accommodate more people and to reduce traffic congestion. The construction equipment adds to the noise.
A Large number of vehicles on roads, aeroplanes flying over houses, and trains produce substantial noise, and people find it difficult to become accustomed to it. The high sound leads to a situation where an average person loses the ability to hear correctly.
Poor urban planning
In communities, poor urban planning also plays a vital role. Congested houses, large families sharing small space, fight over parking, frequent fights over essential amenities leads to noise pollution which may disrupt the environment of society. Placing wind turbines close to the community will cause not only noise problems but also health problems.
Excessive noise problems can come about when we surround ourselves with household gadgets and use them extensively in our daily life. Devices like TV, mobile, mixers, grinders, pressure cookers, vacuum cleaners, washing machines and dryers, coolers and air conditioners are minor contributors to the amount of noise produced. It can affect the quality of life in a neighbourhood a terrible
While this form of pollution may seem harmless, it, in fact, has far-reaching consequences. The adverse effects on the health of the environment are quite severe. Not only is the local wildlife affected by the noise pollution, but humans also face some problems because of the constant nature of it.
No cabin, no ear muffs and my hearing loss commenced at a young age.
Effects of noise pollution
There does not exist many solutions to reduce sound pollution. However, on a personal level, everybody can help reduce the noise in their homes by lowering the volume of the radio, music system and the television. Listening to music without headphones is also a good step forward. By the removal of public loudspeakers, noise pollution can also be better managed. As can controlling the sound levels in clubs, bars, parties and discos.
Hearing problems develop
Any unwanted sound our ears have not been built to filter can cause problems with our health. Our ears can take in a specific range of sounds without becoming damaged. Human-made noises such as jackhammers, horns, tractors, machinery, aeroplanes and even vehicles can be too loud for our hearing range. Constant exposure to loud noise can easily result in the damage to our eardrums and loss of hearing. Noise also reduces our sensitivity to sounds our ears pick up unconsciously to regulate our body’s rhythm.
Health and well-being issues
Excessive noise pollution in working areas such as offices, construction sites, bars and even in our homes can influence psychological health. Studies show the occurrence of aggressive behaviour, disturbance of sleep, constant stress, fatigue and hypertension can all be attributed to excessive noise levels. These, in turn, can cause more severe and chronic health issues later in life.
Loud noise can undoubtedly impact your sleeping pattern and may lead to irritation and uncomfortable situations. Without a good night sleep, it may lead to problems related to fatigue and your performance may go down at work, as well as at home. It is recommended to take a sound sleep to give your body proper rest.
Blood pressure levels, cardiovascular disease and stress-related heart problems are on the rise. Studies suggest that high-intensity noise causes high blood pressure and increases heartbeat rate as it disrupts the normal blood flow. Bringing them to a manageable level depends on your understanding noise pollution and how you tackle it.
Trouble with communicating
High decibel noise may not allow people to talk It may lead to misunderstanding, and you may have difficulty understanding the other person. Constant sharp sound can give you a severe headache and disturb your emotional balance in a negotiating situation.
Better urban planning can help to reduce noise pollution by creating ‘no-noise’ zones. Here excessive honking horns and industrial noise are better controlled.
“People are going deaf because music is played louder and louder, but because they are going deaf, it has to be played louder still”. Milan Kundera
“In antiquity, there was only silence. In the nineteenth century, with the invention of the machine, Noise was born. Today, Noise triumphs and reigns supreme over the sensibility of men”. Luigi Russolo